Home of Mary in Ephesus
Tomb of John the Apostle
Bible Reading Challenge, formally known as Wednesday's Challenge.
Today I caught up on my daily Bible reading, I finished reading the Gospel of John and read the first chapter of Acts.
It has been said that in John's Gospel John is never visible (his name is never mentioned) but Jesus is always visible. John is the 4TH Gospel and the last that was written, it was written by the Apostle and also one of the 12 Disciples, John. It was written sometime between 80-100 A.D. John wrote this Gospel when he was living in Ephesus, in modern day Turkey. The reason for writing this Gospel is stated in John 20:31, "but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in His name." ESV
John stresses that Jesus is the Son of God, He is also very much human, He gets tired, hungry, sad, loving and in pain. The Gospel is divided in to 4 parts; the prologue, signs, passions narrative and the epilogue. John's opening in chapter 1 describes Jesus as the Word, in Greek Word is Logos, meaning the expression of thought,not just the mere name of an object. It is through Jesus that we know what the mind of God is. Jesus is the full expression of God, He is God in the flesh.
J.B. Phillips wrote in his New Testament, "At the beginning God expressed Himself. That personal expression, that Word, was with God and was God, and He existed with God from the beginning. All creation took place through Him, and none took place without Him. In Him appeared life and this life was the light of mankind. The light still shines in the darkness, and the darkness has never put it out."
The Apostle John was a fisherman in partnership with his older brother James, their father Zebedee, and also Simon Peter and his brother Andrew. John's mother was Salome and she was possibly the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus. John had been a follower of John the Baptist, and he and Andrew were Jesus' first disciples. John was a passionate man, a deep thinker, he was close to Jesus, at Jesus' death on the cross he became the caregiver of Mary the mother of Jesus. John pastored the Church in Ephesus for many years and was very influential in the early Church. John was exiled in later age on the Isle of Patmos, it was there that he wrote the book of Revelation. John lived to old age in Ephesus, when he was old and unable to walk he would be carried into Church meetings, and he whispered again and again, "Little children, love one another."
A codex papyrus the size of a business card was found in Egypt in 1920. On one side of this codex is John 18: 31-38 and on the other side is John 18: 37-38. The dating of this codex could be as early as 100 A.D. up to the 2ND half of the 2ND century. It is the earliest manuscript that has been found.